With the Democrats who run Congress aiming to get pandemic relief legislation on President Joe Biden’s desk by mid-March, a third stimulus check — this time for $1,400 — could be just a few weeks away.
The new payments are included in a massive rescue package that’s now headed for the U.S. Senate, after winning approval from the House early on Saturday. Saying there’s “no time to waste,” Biden is urging the Senate to take quick action.
How much your household receives this time will depend on an IRS formula. The current proposal would provide up to $1,400 per adult plus $1,400 for each dependent, regardless of their age.
Here’s what you need to know about how the tax agency will determine your payout, and why filing your taxes sooner may give you an edge on getting a stimulus check for the maximum amount.
How you’ll qualify for a full stimulus check
To determine your eligibility for the pending third stimulus check, the IRS will use your most recent tax return and will zero in on your adjusted gross income, which is your taxable income before subtracting either the standard deduction or itemized deductions.
The plan now before the Senate would give a full $1,400 payment to individuals with adjusted gross incomes up to $75,000. For heads of household, the threshold is $112,500, and it’s $150,000 for married couples filing jointly.
Those are the same income limits used for the first two stimulus checks. House Democrats toyed with restricting full payments this time to individuals earning less than $50,000, but they ultimately decided against it.
The Senate could bring back the idea, because Republicans and some Democrats support lower income limits to make sure checks go only to the neediest. The ways people used last spring’s first, $1,200 stimulus checks varied by income, with poorer households mostly spending the money on essentials, including groceries and rent.
Others, earning more money, used a portion of the cash for saving and investing — or to pay down debt, according to a survey from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
More family members will get money this time
For the next batch of stimulus checks, families who meet the income requirements will receive $1,400 for each member of the household, including dependents of all ages.
In the previous rounds, money was paid out only to dependents under age 17 — older teens and dependent college students were left out. And, though adults got $1,200 checks the first time, families received just $500 per child. Round No. 2 increased that amount to $600, same as what adults got.
Here’s an example of what the changes would mean for a family of five that includes two parents and three young children: They’ll receive a total of $7,000 from the new stimulus check, versus $3,000 in the recent second go-round.
Families with dependents who were disqualified from the last two checks will see an even bigger bump. Let’s say your family consists of two parents, a young child and an 18-year-old. Your family of four can expect to receive $5,600 this time, versus only $1,800 in Round 2.
Who’s out of luck this time?
The third stimulus checks will phase out at incomes above the limits mentioned earlier. Smaller payments would go to:
Individual tax filers with adjusted gross incomes between $75,000 and $100,000.
Heads of household with AGI between $112,500 and $150,000.
Couples who file jointly with AGI between $150,000 and $200,000.
Taxpayers with incomes above the top levels won’t receive any money this time.
How do you make sure your family gets the maximum money? If your household income dropped last year due to the pandemic, you’ll want to log in to a good tax software product and get your 2020 return filed immediately. That way, the IRS won’t rely on the higher income on your 2019 tax return.
If it looks like you won’t receive a full $1,400 check — or any money at all — there are a couple of things you can do:
Trim your budget and “make your own” stimulus check. By finding a few creative ways to cut back, you can possibly wring another $1,400 out of your current budget. For example, maybe it’s time to dump streaming services or other monthly subscriptions you’re not actively using. And, download a free browser extension that will do all the work for you to find the best prices and coupons whenever you shop online.
Turn your busy work into your business. Have a hobby or special skill? Turn it into a side hustle to bring in extra income. Set up a profile on an online marketplace for freelancers and turn your talents into capital.
And, what if you need money right now?
With the third stimulus checks still weeks away from your bank account, here are a few ways to make a little room in your budget if you can’t wait and need more money immediately.
Pare down the cost of your plastic. Have you been leaning hard on your credit cards through the pandemic? Sure swiping is easy, but the interest will catch up to you in no time. Get your debt in order — and pay it down quicker — by consolidating your debts into a single lower-interest debt consolidation loan.
Make savings your policy. If you’re not driving as much because of the pandemic, your car insurance company may give you a discount on your rate. If your insurer won’t bend, break ties and shop around for a better deal. And while you’re at it, you might save hundreds on your homeowners insurance by comparing rates to find a lower price on that coverage.
Refinance your mortgage (if you’ve got one) and slash your payments. If you haven’t refinanced your home loan within the last year, it’s time to check out your options. Millions of U.S. homeowners could reduce their monthly house payments by hundreds of dollars a month through a refi, the mortgage tech and data provider Black Knight reported in early February. Rates remain historically low, so refinance your current mortgage for big savings.